These indigenous tribes belonged to five distinct language families, which were the bases of their major divisions.
Differing language speaking groups were generally competitive over resources and territories.
Following independence from Spain in 1811, Paraguay was ruled by a series of dictators who generally implemented isolationist and protectionist policies.
Following the disastrous Paraguayan War (1864–1870), the country lost 60 to 70 percent of its population through war and disease, and about 140,000 square kilometers (54,000 sq mi), one quarter of its territory, to Argentina and Brazil.
A year later, Paraguay joined Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay to found Mercosur, a regional economic collaborative.
As of 2016 most of whom are concentrated in the southeast region of the country.
The Guarcuru nomads were known for their warrior traditions and were not fully pacified until the late 19th century.), is a landlocked country in central South America, bordered by Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the east and northeast, and Bolivia to the northwest.Paraguay lies on both banks of the Paraguay River, which runs through the center of the country from north to south.Through the 20th century, Paraguay continued to endure a succession of authoritarian governments, culminating in the regime of Alfredo Stroessner, who led South America's longest-lived military dictatorship from 1954 to 1989.
He was toppled in an internal military coup, and free multi-party elections (and the legalization of communist parties) were organized and held for the first time in 1993.Catholicism in Paraguay was influenced by the indigenous peoples; the syncretic religion has absorbed native elements.