However, it touched the zenith of its glory during the Mughal rule from 1524 to 1752.
The Mughals, who were famous as builders, gave Lahore some of its finest architectural monuments, many of which today are no longer. He built the massive Lahore Fort on the foundations of a previous fort, and enclosed the city within a red brick wall boasting 12 gates.
Lahore was a suba, a province of the Empire, governed by provincial rulers with their own courts.
The 1740s were years of chaos, and between 17 there were nine changes of governors.
The Lahore Cantonment, the British residential district of wide, tree-lined streets and white bungalows set in large, shaded gardens, is the prettiest cantonment in Pakistan.
Since Independence in 1947, Lahore has expanded rapidly as the capital of Pakistani Punjab.
The buildings, the roads, the trees and the gardens, in fact the very air of Lahore in enough to set the mind spinning in admiration.Muslim rule began here when Qutub-ud-din Aibak was crowned in Lahore in 1206 and became the first Muslim Sultan of the Subcontinent.Lahore waxed and waned in importance during the Sultanate.The Mughal and Sikh legacy survives in the Lahore Fort, Badshahi Mosque and Gurdwara, the Mall is lined with colonial-gothic buildings from the British Raj, and the suburbs of Gulberg and Defence feature palatial mansions and trendy shopping districts.
Lahore is the second largest city in Pakistan with a population of roughly 8.5 million.Today, Lahore is certainly worth a visit - but don't come expecting a tranquil city overflowing with history, art and culture - these qualities do exist but are hidden under the surface of a sprawling, traffic clogged and polluted south Asian city.